Can Electric Bikes Be Used On Bike Paths?

  • By: Kevinsmak
  • Date: January 12, 2023
  • Time to read: 5 min.
Affiliate Disclaimer

As an affiliate, we earn from qualifying purchases. We get commissions for purchases made through links in this post.

It is important to check your local laws before heading out on a bike route to see if electric bikes are permitted. In a lot of places, you can ride your electric bike legally on the streets and sidewalks. However, many jurisdictions continue to debate how to classify electric bicycles.

The question of whether or not electric bikes can be ridden on bike lanes is one that is frequently asked by riders. because they fear legal repercussions if they don’t.

However, you can get to work or other places in most states by riding an electric bike on the pavements along streets.

To make matters more difficult, suppose you wish to ride an electric bike along a nature walk.

As most forest preserves classify electric bikes as motorized vehicles, you won’t find any of these on the designated bike paths.

Knowledge of electric bikes and their capabilities is necessary for appreciating the issues raised by their use on hiking paths.

What is an Electric Bike?

An electric bike is also known as an e-bike. It is a two or three-wheel bicycle with a motor or a throttle to assist in pedaling. There are three classifications of e-bikes depending on their motorized components and maximum assisted speed levels. 

Class I

The electric bikes have a motor that kicks on at 750 watts or less when the rider begins peddling. The highest speed at which it can aid a user is 20 mph, after which the user must rely only on their own muscle power.

Class II

The throttle on the e-bikes can be activated with the push of a button to provide assistance. 20 MPH may be reached on the bike without the rider pedaling.

A cyclist must, however, rely solely on oneself to travel any faster than 20 MPH.

Class III

The e-bikes are similar to those of Class I except for assisted- pedaling of up to 28 MPH. They also come with a speedometer, and cyclists are required to wear a helmet for safety.

The other two classes don’t require the use of a helmet

Electric Bike

Who Regulates the Use of Bike Paths?

Two authorities regulate the use of bike paths in America. There are federal laws and state laws.

State laws vary in different states as some test the use of class I and II e-bikes in nature trials. However, the federal government doesn’t give much direction in the use of e-bikes. 

Federal Regulation 

The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is in charge of overseeing the manufacture of e-bikes according to the set standards. Class I and II e-bikes are defined as low-speed bikes as long as they have a 750-watt motor and don’t go above 20 MPH in the assisted pedaling mode. 

Otherwise, CPSC doesn’t specify the locations or surfaces that e-bike users should use. However, the institution doesn’t classify e-bikes as motorized vehicles and doesn’t treat them as such.

So, overall, federal regulations do not have an issue with people adopting e-bikes instead of cars to move around cities. 

State Regulations 

Some states, like California, classify e-bikes as bicycles and not vehicles. Other states classify e-bikes as motorized vehicles, and you need to get a license to operate one.

You must figure out the state laws that govern the use of e-bikes. Some states also insist that cyclists of e-bikes use helmets. 

Overall, there aren’t any states that ban the use of e-bikes on roadways. However, many states prohibit the use of e-bikes on bike paths and nature trails.

States that classify e-bikes as motor vehicles expect cyclists with e-bikes to adhere to the same rules as motorists. 

Why Don’t States Allow Bikes on Nature Paths?

For traditional bicycle riders, the major issue with e-bikes on nature paths is safety. Trails through the woods are a different beast than bike lanes on the highway.

They are substantially more challenging to move about on than level ground. Motorized e-bikes travel far faster than conventional bicycles, increasing the likelihood of collisions between the two types of riders.

Traditional bicycle riders typically travel slowly over the bumps and around the curves of off-road trails. Where else a person on an e-bike could potentially rush through the rough terrain of bike routes, causing a collision with other riders?

Another consideration is that of one’s own safety. Acceleration is typically quicker on e-bikes compared to standard bicycles.

Since this is the case, a trail rider with little experience may travel faster than the bike’s suspension can handle. In addition, carelessness is a common cause of traditional bicycle crashes on trails.

Due to this, many states argue that permitting e-bikes on bike paths will increase the number of accidents.


There are trial programs run by various states and forest conservation organizations to see if it is possible to incorporate class I and II bikes into bike trails. You can search for one of those programs near you and join them if you own an e-bike.

You need to adhere to the rules set out because they protect you and other cyclists on the bike paths. 

Since the programs are in the trial stages, there is a possibility that e-bike owners will have the opportunity to use bike trails in the future. The reason there are pilot programs is because of the high adoption rates of e-bikes.

More adults are opting for e-bikes as a form of transport as opposed to cars. In addition, due to traffic jams, more commuters are opting for e-bikes as a way of getting from point A to point B. 

Is It Expensive to Own an E-bike?

Electric bicycles are more costly than conventional bicycles. But they need regular maintenance, just like any other bike.

The motors on Class I and Class II e-bikes require the rider to pedal in order to get going. Buying an electric bike eliminates the need for gasoline and opens up a whole new world of transportation options in most urban areas.

As a viable transportation option, e-bikes are here to stay. They can also be used to get to work without much effort.

Because of the motor, bicyclists may cover greater distances in less time.

In the long run, the large initial investment in your e-bike will pay off within a matter of weeks. Also, you’ll be exercising regularly, which will have a major cumulative effect.


E-bikes still have a long way to go in terms of all-weather bicycling conditions. Trial programs are looking into how to safely use e-bikes on bike lanes.

Make sure you are aware of the bicycling restrictions for each path before bringing an e-bike there.

When you wish to go through the woods on your e-bike, you might want to consider hiring a conventional bike. It is a tiny inconvenience that is well worth it if you use an e-bike for transportation.

The former is unquestionably the better choice because renting a normal bike is far less expensive than daily gas for a car.

Please be careful and use at your own risk
None of the authors, contributors, administrators, or anyone else connected with, in any way whatsoever, can be responsible for your use of the information contained in or linked from these web pages.